The New Era of Incarceration

Many communities face the challenges of prison overcrowding and high rates of recidivism. Based on the four specific sentencing philosophies outlined in Lesson #7 (Rehabilitation, Retribution, Deterrence, and Incarceration) , what efforts can the criminal justice system make to reduce crime and curb criminal behavior? Include in your response reasons why incarceration rates have increased so dramatically since the 1980s and whether you feel the concept of “Restorative Justice” can help reduce recidivism.Note: Recidivism is the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior despite having experienced a negative consequence such as an arrest.